Date: July 17-22, 2018

Location: Narupa Reserve, Napo province, 1137 m a.s.l.


The Evergreen montane forest of the Narupa Reserve is considered one of the most biodiverse on the planet. The 512 hectares of the reserve are part of the  Buffer zones of the Sumaco Napo-Galeras National Park and harbor of more than 300 species of birds, as well as pumas, ocelots, tapirs and other large mammals.

In this area, the researchers of the NUNA Project registered one primate species, the black-mantled Tamarin (Leontocebus nigricollis), 18 species of amphibians, 11 species of reptiles, 12 species of spiders and 25 species of ants. Considering that this information is preliminary, it is very likely that the numbers of species will increase as NUNA scientists analyze the data collected at the site.

Evergreen montane forest is an ecosystem characterized by a vegetation canopy that reaches 20-35 m. These forests include elements of both Andean and Amazonian flora, and the most common families include Lauraceae, Rubiaceae, Melastomataceae and occasionally Moraceae.

Source: Ministerio del Ambiente del Ecuador (2013). Sistema de Clasificación de los Ecosistemas del Ecuador Continental. Subsecretaría de Patrimonio Natural. Quito.


Buffer zones are areas adjacent to protected areas, such as national parks of Biosphere Reserves, and which serve as a transitional zone between the core of the protected area and areas of intensive human use. Local people can derive certain material or economic benefits from a buffer zone, but at the same time it contributes to the conservation of wildlife habitat and ecosystem services.

Source: Heather McGray (2003) Buffer Zones as a Conservation Strategy, Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 16:1-2, 103-119, DOI: 10.1300/J091v16n01_05